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- Number 2 (2009)
Volume 3
- Number 1 (2010)
- Number 2 (2010)
Volume 4
- Number 1 (2011)
- Number 2 (2011)
Volume 5
- Number 1 (2012)
- Number 2 (2012)
Volume 6
- 2013
Volume 7
Volume 8
- Number 1 (2015)
- Number 2 (2015)


Submission Due Date: May 12, 2017
Notification to Authors: May 31, 2017
Journal Publication: July 15, 2017 onwards


Journal of Engineering & Technological Advances
Chief Editor:
Dr. Chia Chee Ming
Deputy Chief Editor:
Dr. Leelavathi Rajamanickam
Prof. Omar Munir
Dr. Yap Pow Seng
Pn. Salmaliza Salleh
Mr. Chen Woon Choong
Ms. Kate Lam Woon Yee
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Sciences Research
Chief Editor:
Dr Neeraj Malhotra
Deputy Chief Editor:
Prof. Dr. Jamaludin Zainol
Datuk Dr Khairiyah Abd Muttalib
Prof. Dr Nyan HL
Assoc. Prof. Tey Kim Kuan
Assoc. Prof. Ong Bee Leng
Asia Pacific Journal of Business, Humanities & Education
Chief Editor:
Dr. Mahiswaran Selvanathan
Deputy Chief Editor:
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Stanley Yap
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Firdaus Low Abdullah
Dr. Mahadevan Supramaniam
Dr. Chong Wei Ying
Dr. Ramachandran Ponnan
Determination of Elevated BMI and the Risk Factors among Medical Students of SEGi University, Malaysia
Author : Marlar Myint and Saw Ai Yong
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Objective: Elevated BMI (overweight and obesity) is said to be one of the most common non-communicable diseases (NCD) and is beginning to be an epidemic among adults as well as in children. It is associated with higher risk of morbidity and mortality. As medical students are future doctors, who are going to be the role models for a healthy lifestyle in the community, the present study aims to determine the percentage of elevated BMI and the risk factors in the medical students of SEGi University, Malaysia.

Methodology: A total of 271 subjects, including Year 1 and 2 medical students of SEGi University, Kota Damansara Campus, Year 3 medical students of Teluk Intan Clinical Campus and Year 4 and 5 students of Sibu Clinical Campus had participated in this study. Students' weight and height were measured to calculate their BMI. Their blood pressure and relevant anthropometric parameters were measured. Questionnaires regarding their family medical history, eating habits, physical activities and sleeping habits were distributed and collected. From all these data, the relationship between the students' BMI and the relevant risk factors were analysed.

Results: It was found that 37.3% of the subjects had an elevated BMI (25 and above) and there was statistically significant difference between males (48.15%) and females (30.10%) (p=0.001). Elevated BMI is not common in Chinese students than that of Malays, Indians and other ethnic groups (p = 0.047). There was a significant relationship between elevated BMI and family history of overweight (p = 0.000) and obese (p = 0.002) respondents. A strong relationship was found between elevated BMI and unhealthy eating habits (increase amount and frequency of eating, consuming snacks and soft drinks frequently) (p = 0.000). Physical activities such as doing household chores (p = 0.009), physical exercise (p = 0.000), frequent playing of sports (p = 0.022) had a strong relationship with normal BMI subjects. In the elevated BMI group more students (15.8%) slept less than 5 hours per night than the normal BMI group (4.1%) (p = 0.007).

Conclusion: Among the 271 medical students of SEGi University, who had taken part in the present study, 37.3% had elevated BMI, which had a significant relationship with (1) ethnicity, (2) family history of overweight and obesity (3) unhealthy eating habits (4) less physical activities and (5) less sleeping hours.
Authors(s) Affiliations
Faculty of Medicine, SEGi University