Volume 2
- Number 2 (2009)
Volume 3
- Number 1 (2010)
- Number 2 (2010)
Volume 4
- Number 1 (2011)
- Number 2 (2011)
Volume 5
- Number 1 (2012)
- Number 2 (2012)
Volume 6
- 2013
Volume 7
Volume 8
- Number 1 (2015)
- Number 2 (2015)

CALL FOR PAPERS YEAR 2017

IMPORTANT DATES:
Submission Due Date: May 12, 2017
Notification to Authors: May 31, 2017
Journal Publication: July 15, 2017 onwards


EDITORIAL BOARD

Journal of Engineering & Technological Advances
Chief Editor:
Dr. Chia Chee Ming
Deputy Chief Editor:
Dr. Leelavathi Rajamanickam
Editors:
Prof. Omar Munir
Dr. Yap Pow Seng
Pn. Salmaliza Salleh
Mr. Chen Woon Choong
Ms. Kate Lam Woon Yee
 
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Sciences Research
Chief Editor:
Dr Neeraj Malhotra
Deputy Chief Editor:
Prof. Dr. Jamaludin Zainol
Editors:
Datuk Dr Khairiyah Abd Muttalib
Prof. Dr Nyan HL
Assoc. Prof. Tey Kim Kuan
Assoc. Prof. Ong Bee Leng
 
Asia Pacific Journal of Business, Humanities & Education
Chief Editor:
Dr. Mahiswaran Selvanathan
Deputy Chief Editor:
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Stanley Yap
Editors:
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Firdaus Low Abdullah
Dr. Mahadevan Supramaniam
Dr. Chong Wei Ying
Dr. Ramachandran Ponnan
 
 
A RISK ASSESSMENT OF THE HERBICIDE DICAMBA
Author : Meng-Hon Lim, Joseph
Formats available : Flipbook (English)
You have : FREE Access
 
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Abstract
Dicamba selectively kills some plant species and not others. Resistant plants survive by detoxifying the herbicide or not absorbing it. A resistant crop plant will be more tolerant to herbicide than the weeds around it. A major problem with Dicamba is its extreme leaching property in soils, regardless of organic matter or clay content. It also has high water solubility. Dicamba residues in food do not pose a hazard to the consumer provided the risk exposure does not exceed the limit. In the case of the European Union, the Theoretical Maximum Daily Intake, for a 70 kg adult is < 1.1 % of the Acceptable Daily Intake. Additional intakes of water and products of animal origin are not expected to give rise to problems. Estimates of acute dietary exposure of adults and toddlers revealed that the Acute Reference Dose would not be exceeded. The level of human exposure should be less than 0.1 mg/kg, 3000 times less than the Low Observed Adverse Effect Level (LOAEL) of 300 mg/kg (USDA 1999). The potential cancer risk calculated by the US EPA is in the 10-8 range, well below the action level of 10-6 for nitrosamines and other carcinogens.
 
Authors(s) Affiliations
Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University, MA 02138-3722 USA.